統計物理學

出版時間:1999-5  出版社:世界圖書出版公司  作者:L. D. Landau,E. M. Lifshitz  頁數:544  
Tag標簽:無  

前言

IN Tats edition the book has been considerably augmented arid revised, with the assistance of L. P. Pitaevskil throughout. . New sections have been added on the magnetic properties of gases, the thermodynamics of a degenerate plasma, liquid crystals, the fluctuation theory of phase transitions of the second kind, and critical phenomena. The chapters on solids and on the symmetry of crystals have been substantially enlarged, in particular by a fuller account of the theory of irreducible representations of space groups as applied to the physi..

內容概要

  In this edition the book has been considerably augmented and revised,with the assistance of L.P.Potaevskil throughout.  New xections have been added on the magnetic properties of gases,the thermodynamics of a degenerate plasma,liquid crystals,the fluctuation theory of phase transitions of the second kind,and critical phenomena.……

書籍目錄

Preface to the third Russian editionFrom the prefaces to previous Russian editionsNolationⅠ.THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATISTICAL PHYSICS1.Statistical distributions2.Statistical independence3.Liouville's theorem4.The significance of energy5.The statistical matrix6.Statistical distributions in quantum statistics7.Entropy8.The law of incrcase ofentropyⅡ.THERMODYNAMIC QUANTITIES9.Temperature10.Macroscopic motion11.Adiabatic processes12.Pressure13.Work and quantity of heat14.The heat function15.The free energy and the therrnodynamic potential16.Relations between the derivatives of thermodynamic quantities17.The thermodynamic scale of temperature18.The Joule-Thomson process19.Maximum work20.Maximum work done by a body in an extemal medium21.Thermodynamic inequalities22.Le Chatelier's principle23.Nemst's theorem24.The dependence of the thermodynamic quantities on the number of particles25.Equilibrium of a body in an extemal field26.Rotating bodies27.Thermodynamic relations in the relativistic regionⅢ.THE GIBBS DISTRIBUTION28.The Gibbs distribution29.The Maxwellian distribution30.The probability distribution for an oscillator31.The free energy in the Gibbs distribution32.Thermodynamic perturbation theory33.Expansion in powers of fi34.The Gibbs distribution for rotating bodies35.The Gibbs distribution for a variable number of particles36.The derivation of the thermodynamic relations from the Gibbs distributionⅣ.IDEAL GASES37.The Boltzmann distribution38.The Boltzmann distribution in classical statistics39.Molecular collisions40.Ideal gases not in equilibrium41.The free energy of an ideal Boltzmann gas42.The equation of state of an ideal gas43.Ideal gases with constant specific heat44.The law of equipartition45.Monatomic ideal gases46.Monatomic gases.The effect of the electronic angular momentum47.Diatomic gases with molecules of unlike atoms.Rotation of molecules48.Diatomic gases with molecules of like atoms.Rotation of moleculcs49.Diatomic gases.Vibrations of atoms50.Diatomic gases.The effect of the electronic angular momentum51.Polyatomic gases52.Magnetism of gasesⅤ.THE FERMl AND BOSE DISTRIBUTIONS53.The Fermi distribution54.The Bose distribution55.Fermi and Bose gases not in equilibrium56.Fermi and Bose gases of elementary particles57.A degenerate electron gas58.The specific heat of a degenerate electron gas59.Magnetism of an electron gas.Weak fields60.Magnetism of an electron gas.Strong fields61.A relativistic degenerate electron gas62.A degenerate Bose gas63.Black-body radiationⅥ.SOLIDS64.Solids at low temperatures65.Solids at high temperatures66.Debye's interpolation formula67.Thennal expansion of solids68.Highly anisotropic crystals69.Crystal lattice vibrations70.Number density of vibrations71.Phonons72.Phonon creation and annihilation operators73.Negative temperaturesⅦ.NON-IDEAL GASES74.Deviations of gases from the ideal state75.Expansion in powers of the density76.Van der Waals' formula77.Relationship of the virial coefflcient and the scattering amplitude78.Thermodynamic quantities for a classical plasma79.The method of correlation functions80.Thermodynamic quantities for a degenerate plasmaⅧ.PHASE EQUILIBRIUM81.Conditions of phase equilibrium……Ⅸ.SOLUTIONSⅩ.CHEMICAL REACTIONSⅪ.PROPERTIES OF MATTER AT VERY HIGH DENSITYⅫ.FLUCTUATIONSⅩⅢ.THE SYMMETRY OF CRYSTAL.SⅩⅣ.IV.PHASE TRANSITIONS OF THE SECOND KIND AND CRITICAL PHENOMENAⅩⅤ.SURFACESIndex

編輯推薦

In this edition the book has been considerably augmented and revised,with the assistance of L.P.Potaevskil throughout.New xections have been added on the magnetic properties of gases,the thermodynamics of a degenerate plasma,liquid crystals,the fluctuation theory of phase transitions of the second kind,and critical phenomena.……  此書為英文版。

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用戶評論 (總計12條)

 
 

  •     物理問題闡述十分清晰獨特,基本問題不厭其煩地強調,結構十分突出,成書早卻全無過時之感,基礎不好讀起來有些困難,但綜觀同類書籍,很多名著都如過江之鯽,淹沒于歷史,本書還在引領潮流,個人認為,此類書之卓越,上無出其右者。
  •     Landau的書是大家風范,這是本花大量的篇幅從方方面面剖析什么是"閉系"什么是"絕熱"的統計物理教材,非常值得一讀.
  •     朗道學派的人出書了俄羅斯人的嚴謹和精細
  •     從讀者的角度出發,這是相對國內教材最大的優勢了吧
  •     Landau系列理論書,值得好好再學習。
  •     對于一些基本概念的講解非常細致,后面論述了一些相變理論的內容。
  •     世圖就喜歡對厚厚的教材用最爛的無線膠裝。才到第80頁,相對的兩頁中間的內容已經看不到了,必須使勁兒壓才能夠看到。相信用不了多久,這本書也會變成碎書頁。。。
  •     朗道的書都是個性太強。如果是深入理解的人應該覺得是本好書,不適合非天才的人作為入門讀物。還沒看完,正在慢慢研讀中!
  •     朗道的書我買了三本,兩本是世圖自己印的,另外一本也是影印版,不過好像是Elsevier在中國印的。印刷質量差別太大了。世圖自己印的跟圖書館80年代的書差不多,可能還不如。建議自己去書店買,看看印刷質量,運氣好的話應該可以找到印的好的版本。書本身還是不錯的,我們教授評價很高。
  •     朗道的書是不錯的,但本科低年級的同學還是善待自己吧。
  •     但是用處不大,而且朗道的語言很難懂。
  •     本人不是物理系的,看起來有點吃力。書質量不錯,就是字比較小。
 

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